After hard times in its ancient past and the Great Reclamation in the 19th century, Maremma undergoes a new era, transforming into a territory rich in development and agriculture. Beginning in the mid-19th century, despite the presence of a number of brigands who raged on horseback, Maremma experienced a period of agricultural prosperity. Writer Carlo Pazzagli has recorded all of this in his work “On the History of Tuscan Agriculture in the 19th and 20th Centuries” (1975), for which he used land registries from 1929 as his primary font. The registry was done one year after the last historical land reclamation of Maremma.
The Fascist government of Italy is generally noted for the land reclamation projects it carried out, in particular of the Agro Pontino. Exactly one hundred years after Leopoldo II issued the edict for Maremma, Mussolini issued his own decree for the reclamation of Maremma. It was defined as integral because the works done were not just hydraulic and sanitary but, in line with the social atmosphere of the time, also agrarian, with an economy based no longer exclusively on cereals. With the participation of the National Combattenti Opera, new crops were introduced alongside new cattle breeds, strengthening the infrastructure and favoring the immigration of farmers from the Veneto.
The Corsini family in Maremma
In the 20th century, Tommaso Corsini played an important role in the modernization of Maremma. Tommaso was the 8th Prince of Sismano (1903-1980), an agricultural and livestock expert, and Deputy of the Constituent Assembly. A historically important family with ancient origins, today the Corsini family representative is Duccio Corsini, who works to protect the land and territory of Chianti Classico—at Villa Le Corti alongside his wife Clotilde—and in the Maremma territory at the Tenuta di Marsiliana, together with his sister Sabina.
Today, the development of seaside resorts has enlivened the coast and awoken Maremma to the importance of promoting and safeguarding the quality of the entire territory. Operations for safeguarding the area are being enacted, and are already in place, in some cases, that include natural coastal environments like the internal tuff rock zone, which is extraordinarily rich in history. Wine-growing, too, has gained more importance as people realize the potential of the favorable climate and rich soils, which guarantee an ideal scenario for cultivating vines to make great quality wine. In fact, in 2011 a new wine denomination was created that carries the name of this region, the Maremma Toscana DOC.
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